You have most likely known about a motherboard and know what one is, yet do you truly know how it functions? Check online Laptop Motherboards in India. 

Consider a motherboard as the base camp of an enormous organization. Without the central command, who should appoint undertakings to the excess representatives? What’s more, that is actually the thing the motherboard is for. The focal center point of a PC interfaces everything together.

Here is a top to bottom gander at what a motherboard is and the way in which it capacities.

What Is a Motherboard?

A motherboard is a circuit board with different parts that work as one to make a PC work.

We’ve laid out that a motherboard is the central command of a huge organization. In any case, without a doubt, the central command isn’t the main indispensable perspective to making an organization fruitful. Very much like there are various parts of an organization, a motherboard includes various parts inside it that cooperate to send information to one another.

Structure Factor

The structure factor is essentially how a motherboard is framed, or the way that it actually looks with respect to its determinations (to be specific size, shape, and format).

Take McDonald’s for example. While every one of McDonald’s eateries work the same way, some are set up in an unexpected way. Some have play focuses, extravagant self-requesting contact screens, and solid frozen yogurt machines.

It’s something very similar with structure factors. While all motherboards work the same way, various models have various types of ports, aspects, and mounting openings. 

Well known structure factors include:


The prom sovereign of structure factors, the ATX is a well known decision and highlights enormous aspects (most being 12 x 9.6 inches)


A more modest adaptation of the standard ATX with less boundaries

Scaled down ATX: 

Smaller than the miniature form, these are intended for portable CPUs

Scaled down ITX: 

Smaller than an ATX board (6.7 x 6.7 inches), the little ITX structure factors are calm and don’t utilize a ton of force


in the middle of a Pico and Mini-ITX, this functions admirably with meager gadgets


Really small with a 3.9 x 2.8 in. aspect size and holds up to 1 GB

Other stopped structure factors incorporate BTX, LPX, and NLX.


The chipset permits information to stream between different parts, to be specific the CPU, peripherals, ATA drives, illustrations, and memory.

It very well may be partitioned into these two classifications:

Northbridge: Located on the “north” side of a chipset, it “spans” together the accompanying parts: CPU, RAM, and PCIe

Southbridge: Located on the “south” side of a chipset, it “spans” together the accompanying parts: BIOS, USB, SATA, and PCI

Consider a chipset like the CEO of an enormous organization, with the Northbridge and Southbridge going about as the CFO and COO.

In business these three C’s (or the C-Suite) cooperate inside the base camp of an organization to designate assignments to their subordinates. On account of motherboards, the C-Suite is contained the large supervisors that ensure data is streaming between the subordinates (like the BIOS, CPU, RAM, and so forth)

Computer chip Socket

This is fundamentally a little living space for the CPU to rest in. A CPU is a little square with a lot of pins and connectors under it that assistance to decipher and send information completed by the northbridge part of a chipset.

Consider the CPU like the overachieving office colleague to a CFO/COO. The workplace associate lives in its own desk area (or for this situation, the CPU attachment) to execute different sorts of assignments.

It resembles a CFO/COO advising an office colleague to plan gatherings, settle on telephone decisions, and go on espresso runs. The workplace partner, or CPU, does these sorts of undertakings (however in a more numerical sort of way, as the CPU understands information and result directions).

Having a great CPU (and office aide for the matter) is critical to the general speed and effectiveness of a PC.


Consider openings like various branches/divisions of an organization.

Most organizations have offices for things like advertising, HR, bookkeeping, research, and so forth

Spaces resemble these sorts of divisions for a motherboard, with branches like:

Memory/DIMM Slots: Used for holding memory/RAM

PCI: Connects extension cards like video, organization, and sound cards

PCIe: An advanced form of PCI however with an alternate connection point that can work with practically any sort of development card

USB: Used for USB connectors like blaze drives, albeit not extremely normal

SATA: Used for optical/hard circle/strong state drives

Information Bus

Each of the parts referenced above wouldn’t work as one without the important information transports that associate everything together.

Consider information transports as a type of correspondence.

So in an enormous organization, if the CFO/COO needs to guide an office aide, how might they go about it? Email? Telephone? An in-person discussion? It doesn’t make any difference as long as there is some type of correspondence going on.

It’s a similar thought with a motherboard. Every one of the parts send information to each other through information transports.

Assembling Them: How It All Works

Whenever you turn your PC on, power is sent from the power supply on to the motherboard.

Information is moved by means of information transports and goes through the northbridge and southbridge part of the chipset.

The northbridge part spans information to the CPU, RAM, and PCIe. The RAM starts to send contributions to the CPU, which “deciphers” these activities as a result. Information to the PCIe is then moved to an extension card, contingent upon which type you have.

The southbridge part spans information to the BIOS, USB, SATA, and PCI. Signs to the BIOS permit your PC to boot up, while information to the SATA “stirs” your optical, hard plate, and strong state drives. Information from the SATA is utilized to control up your video, organization, and sound cards.

So, a motherboard fills in as the central command of a PC which sends information through information transports. These information transports go through the northbridge and southbridge parts of a chipset, which then, at that point, adventure off into different parts like the CPU, RAM, PCI, PCIe, and so on

All that cooperates like a fruitful company, but in a more parallel kind of way.



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